Most Popular Teaching Techniques for Children
For many families with school-aged children, it can be very hard to get them to concentrate and complete their homework. So, to make homework time less of an ordeal, there are some popular study or teaching techniques that parents can turn to. Discover what they are in the following article.
What are teaching techniques?
A teaching technique is a concrete action or strategy that"s planned and carried out by the teacher to achieve learning objectives. In other words, a teaching technique is a methodological tool involving a series of activities that aim to optimize the learning process.
However, we"re aware that the vast majority of parents aren"t teachers. Therefore, we know that you don"t always have the tools or knowledge to apply certain teaching and learning techniques that are typical of the institutionalized school environment.
That said, knowing and putting into practice some simple techniques can help you achieve better results with your children"s schoolwork.
Popular teaching techniques that work well
Here are some popular teaching techniques that are appropriate for helping children with homework. Best of all, you can adapt them to suit children of different ages.
The Pomodoro Technique
This is a technique that"s valid for any age and serves to better manage the time your child spends on an activity. To be more specific, the technique states that children are more productive when working or studying for a period of 25 minutes. Then, after each study period, the child should rest for 5 minutes.
What"s more, the technique indicates that, once you"ve completed 4 “pomodoros" (work time plus rest time), you can take a longer break of 20 or 25 minutes.
Explaining this technique to our children and applying it when we help them do their homework is very helpful. Basically, this way, children will make more of an effort to concentrate and pay attention because they know that soon they"ll have their 5-minute break.
So, when the time comes, they can use their five minutes to go to the bathroom, eat a piece of fruit, move around a bit, dance, or even play catch.
The Pascal Method
This method consists of respecting some fundamental steps when facing the task of studying. First of all, do a general pre-reading of the whole subject at hand. Then, underline or write down the main concepts or ideas. At this point, it"s helpful to identify keywords.
Then, advance by making some kind of outline or mental map in which you organize the central concepts as well as the secondary and tertiary ideas that branch off of them. Some people even find it useful to write down some dates, names, or other specific data.
The Pascal method is most useful for helping students older than 9 or 10 years old to study. Just the same, it"s perfectly adaptable to younger children. They can also make a first general reading, both of the subject and of what they should do with it. And, with the help of adults, they can make simple notes by underlining with colors.
Teaching children to memorize data, names, or numbers is easier if we teach them to use this system. Mnemonic devices are a set of memorization and recall techniques that can be suitable even for very small children. That"s because they consist of the mental association of the information they need to memorize with data that are already part of their memory or daily practice.
Let"s see some examples:
- To learn the names of the countries in the European Union: We associate the word baguettes with France, Volkswagen with Germany, Ferrari with Italy, or bulls with Spain.
- To learn where the main rivers of Spain are located and what they are like: We can include all the data in a story created by the children themselves. This story can include facts, anecdotes, or sensations that are already familiar to them.
- To memorize the names of the planets: We can tell the students to associate a place or space that they already know with the word they want to remember. For example, the bathroom to remember planet Earth, the refrigerator to remember Uranus, or associate Mars with cooking and fire.
Some conditions for applying these popular teaching techniques
We must clarify that, for a teaching technique to be more or less effective, you must consider other elements and factors, such as:
- A suitable place to study and do homework. That"s to say, a quiet environment that"s free of distractions like cell phones or television, and with good lighting.
- Try to establish a homework time every day at the same time. This helps children to adopt a daily routine and, therefore, internalize the habit.
- And most importantly: Accompany, motivate, encourage, and create a close bond with your children during their study time. This is the best way to apply any teaching and learning technique. And, at the same time, it turns study time into something dynamic, fun, and different every time.