Psychological Changes During Pregnancy: Helpful Facts
Without a doubt, pregnancy can be a time of great happiness. However, it’s important to keep in mind that it’s also marked by emotional fragility.
Women are susceptible to various psychological changes during pregnancy, including fatigue and intense depression.
Bodily changes, fear of childbirth, and questions about one’s fitness for motherhood can produce anxiety in those expecting. Unfortunately, the psychological changes during pregnancy can be intense and, often, worrisome.
What changes are we referring to? How do they manifest? And what are the recommended remedies? In this article, we’ll answer all of these questions.
Psychological changes during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a time filled with physical and physiological changes. Over the course of the gestation period, a woman may experience psychological disorders such anxiety, depression, and psychological fatigue.
1. Mood swings
For pregnant women, mood swings can happen for no particular reason. They’re strongly influenced by the hormonal disruptions during the first trimester of pregnancy. These can alter a woman’s behavior, how she perceives things, and her general mood.
Unfortunately, mood swings during pregnancy can be difficult to overcome, as they usually manifest themselves in unusual ways. These may include an aversion to certain smells and foods, as well as vomiting and nausea during the initial stage.
This period is usually marked by questions, doubts about the pregnancy, emotions, anxieties, and fears, which can lead to serious disorders.
Depression is an illness that affects one’s thoughts, actions, and feelings. Some pregnant women are more vulnerable to depression during this time of their lives, and experience real suffering.
In addition, hormonal changes during pregnancy often cause depression and anxiety. Tensions in the relationship, combined with a physical malaise, can lead to depression in pregnant women.
Depression during pregnancy needs to be treated because it can cause serious problems like miscarriages and premature births. Therefore, it can also mean problems for the infant, such as a low birth weight.
Pregnancy isn’t necessarily a time of pure joy. For many women, it’s also a period marked by anxiety and fear. A woman’s body undergoes transformations and changes that can disrupt her daily life.
In addition, hormonal changes can sometimes increase emotional instability, which is why some women suffer from anxiety.
As we mentioned earlier, expectant mothers experience intense psychological disorders during the final months of pregnancy. This period leads to many questions and concerns, which include:
- Fear of miscarriage
- Fear of delivery
- Concern for the baby’s future health
- Fear of losing the baby
- Uncertainty about one’s aptitude to be a good mother
“Bodily changes, fear of childbirth, and questions about one’s fitness for motherhood can produce anxiety in those expecting.”
In summary, a pregnant woman’s anxiety can cause an increased risk of premature birth or low birth weight.
As such, it’s important to properly manage this during the gestation period. Fortunately, in the majority of cases, the anxiety doesn’t lead to serious consequences.
4. Psychological fatigue
Expectant mothers experience changes in the physical and psychological states during the three trimesters of pregnancy. These are the key characteristics of each stage:
- First trimester: hormones like progesterone cause changes in sleep patterns. Nausea and vomiting are also common during this period. Women feel a strong physiological fatigue, with an irresistible urge to sleep.
- Second trimester: the level of progesterone diminishes. Expectant mothers experience less fatigue, the vomiting finally stops, and sleep disorders are less frequent. However, the fatigue can increase in the event of an iron deficiency.
Third trimester: this stage usually means the return of the fatigue. Sleep can also be disturbed. At this point, the uterus and the baby begin to weigh on the mother’s body. For these reasons, it’s natural to feel tired during the final trimester.
Pregnant women suffer from increased emotional fragility and significant hormonal changes during these nine months.
The expectant mother is subject to considerable psychological changes during pregnancy. As a result, she’ll need both physical and emotional support. The role of her partner is essential!
All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.
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- López, M. E. G., Calva, E. A., Meléndez, J. C., & Bravo, C. S. (2006). Alteraciones psicológicas en la mujer embarazada. Psicología Iberoamericana, 14(2), 28-35. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1339/133920321004.pdf
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