Pediatric Mononucleosis: Symptoms and Complications

Mononucleosis is one of the diseases that affect babies the most... Let's see how you can avoid pediatric mononucleosis.
Pediatric Mononucleosis: Symptoms and Complications

Written by Gladys González

Last update: 27 December, 2022

Sometimes, parents think that the little ones in their homes are protected against all diseases. But what we don’t like to remember is that they’re prone to contracting any type of infection. Pediatric mononucleosis is one of the diseases that affects babies the most… So, let’s see how we can avoid it.

The kissing disease, as it’s also known, is an infection commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). In general, it’s common in people who were once exposed to it in their childhood.

However, not everyone who’s been exposed to EBV has the symptoms that this problem involves. In other words, they’re only carriers.

The Epstein-Barr virus is the main cause of mononucleosis

However, there are other viruses responsible for mononucleosis, such as cytomegalovirus, which could cause a very similar disease . Generally, if an adult develops the signs of this condition, they won’t experience it again for their entire life.

Mom and Dad, you’re surely wondering how to ensure that your little one doesn’t get these viruses. And, although we’ll give you a series of recommendations, the first thing you must do is understand the seriousness of this condition, as many prefer to joke about the kissing disease without remembering that it has very delicate consequences .

Learning to avoid pediatric mononucleosis

A mother feeling her daughters forehead.

In general, this disease is spread through kissing, hence the popular name given to it.

But kissing isn’t the only means of contagion because, for example, little ones love to share their snack or they like to sip from the same glass as their friends. With these simple acts of companionship, the chances of contamination are raised.

Direct contact with someone else’s saliva can be fatal to our children . Therefore, as parents, we have to avoid giving them kisses on the mouth and teach them that it’s not good to share those things that we’ve touched with our mouths. These two elements are essential to reducing the chances of our little ones getting mononucleosis.

Don’t give your baby kisses on the mouth to keep him protected from diseases

To date, there’s no vaccine to combat the Epstein-Barr virus, but adults can contribute enormously to preventing kids from contracting it , teaching them to take care of their eating elements and to respect those of other children.

At the same time, it’ s essential that youngsters have a good diet and see their pediatrician regularly to ensure that they’re healthy . A balanced diet will give them the nutrients they need to feel good and reduce their chances of becoming ill.

Is there an effective treatment for pediatric mononucleosis?

High fever, constant fatigue, sore throat, loss of appetite, muscle aches, liver discomfort (the skin turns yellow), an enlarged spleen, and swollen lymph glands in the neck, groin, and armpits are some of the symptoms of this terrible disease. It affects children, adolescents, and the elderly.

Fortunately, it’s a benign condition that doesn’t force victims to be isolated. However, it’ s important to keep in mind that it’s transmitted through coughing and sneezing , so you have to be careful with those who want to see how your baby is doing.

There are no vaccines or effective treatments to combat this disease

The bad news is that there’s no effective treatment to attack it . Maintaining complete rest, being in bed for two or three weeks, and not doing sports activities or physical exercises will help your child recover faster.

Fluid intake is also relevant so that you don’t suffer from dehydration. At the same time, patients shouldn’t stop eating despite the discomfort that comes with swallowing .

Can mononucleosis become complicated?

A baby crying in pain.

Faced with any of the signs that we mentioned above, you should take your child to see a doctor urgently . That way, the difficulties that arise in these cases will be addressed.

The most serious concern that specialists usually have when faced with a patient with the kissing disease is the excessive enlargement of the spleen , which is at risk of rupture . Therefore, if you notice that your little one feels strong pains on the left side of their body or has dizziness and difficulty breathing, don’t hesitate to go to the hospital.

Undoubtedly, we must be attentive to the factors that influence the spread of mononucleosis, but it’s a task that we take on from home . With patience and love, our children will understand why we have to take care of our health.

This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.