Is Your Child a Late Talker? What You Should Know
“Mama” or “dada” are the first words that babies usually pronounce. In fact, the first time parents hear these words is a very exciting time. On the other hand, when it seems that a child is a late talker, parents may have some anxiety about it and concern that something is wrong with their little one. How to help a child that’s a late talker?
Parents may recall that their oldest child was much more advanced in language development at the same age, perhaps speaking in two- or three-word sentences by the age of 2 with ease. And, as time goes on, your apprehension can turn into panic.
In most cases, however, there’s no need for alarm. Most children develop language at their own pace and there’s a wide range of normality.
Some children develop language at a faster rate than others. Although, when it seems like they’re really struggling, then it might be time to assess the child’s speech and language skills.
Speech or language milestones
Many children have some type of communication disorder. Boys tend to develop language skills a little later than girls, but in general, boys are usually considered late-talkers when they speak fewer than 10 words between 18 and 20 months, or less than 50 words between 21 and 30 months.
Most experts say that by 12 months, children should speak single words including “mom” and “dad.” They also need to be able to understand and comply with simple requests, such as “give me the toy” or “throw this away.”
The American Academy of Pediatrics lists the following milestones for the first five years:
- By the end of the second year, a child needs to be able to speak in sentences of two or three words. They should be able to follow simple directions and repeat words heard in conversation.
- By the end of the third year, your child should be able to follow a two- or three-step instructions, recognize and identify almost all common objects and pictures, and understand most of what is being said. They should speak well enough to be understood by those outside the family.
- By the end of the fourth year, your child should ask abstract questions (“why?”). They should also understand the concepts of the same versus different. They should have mastered basic grammar rules while listening to others. Although your child should speak clearly by the age of 4, they may mispronounce up to half of their basic sounds. This isn’t a cause for concern.
- By age 5, your child should be able to retell a story in their own words and use more than five words in a sentence.
When there’s a slight delay in language
Although some children seem to lag a bit in the spoken (or expressive) language, their receptive language may be better. This means they may appear to understand a lot of what is being said.
When a toddler doesn’t use many words but seems to understand what you’re saying and can follow directions, there’s less cause for concern.
On the other hand, if a child shows a delay in both expressive and receptive language, the concern in parents becomes noticeable. Receptive language is a useful predictor for differentiating late speakers from those with developmental delays.
Help a child who’s a late talker
If you’re worried that your child is a late talker, you’ll need to consult your pediatrician or seek an evaluation from a speech-language pathologist.
A speech and language pathologist can test, analyze the child’s speech skills, and advise parents on ways to stimulate language development.
When there’s suspicion of a hearing problem, children who speak late may be sent to an audiologist for a hearing test.
An appropriate intervention when a child is a late talker
Proper intervention is essential for children who speak late. These late-talker children can have persistent language-related problems and develop learning disabilities in school.
Oral language is the foundation of all academic areas, including reading, writing and mathematics. The more time that passes before seeking and providing the child help, the weaker the foundation on which future learning will be built.
Encourage normal speech
To support normal speech and language development in your child, don’t miss the following tips:
- Talk to your toddler throughout the day, even when changing their diaper or during meals. Get their attention and talk about what you’re doing.
- When you talk to your child, do it at a level higher than theirs. For example, if the child only uses two words, you should use three. However, don’t confuse the child with overly complex sentences.
- Babies seem to pay more attention and imitate more when their parents speak in a loud and firm voice, but at the same time, lovingly.
- Sing and read stories to your child.
If you have more questions, talk to your pediatrician to ask about normal speech development in children. They can also provide referrals to speech and language pathologists in case you want to consult one to evaluate your little one.