15 Principles of Educating a Baby

Infant education is key to babies' development. If you want to start stimulating your little one as soon as possible, these principles will help you in the task.
15 Principles of Educating a Baby
Mara Amor López

Written and verified by the psychologist Mara Amor López.

Last update: 27 December, 2022

In general, parents may think that education begins when our children have a certain degree of reasoning and independence. When we think that way, we overlook the importance of educating a baby from the time they’re born.

According to the latest research, there’s a “first learning” that takes place, which is totally different from learning at later stages of development. It differs, above all, in the fact that it’s learning without prior experience. Subsequently, this experience acquired as babies will help them in their development at later stages in life.

Do you want to know what the principles of educating a baby are? Continue reading.

Principles of infant education

The principles of educating a baby derive from their main physiological needs and their development in the months following birth.

Educating a baby from the first days of life

A baby’s education should start from the first days of life. This is the right time to start modeling their future personality.

Don’t rush their development

The aim of education isn’t to accelerate development, but to take full advantage of the child’s full potential from the very beginning.

Activities for learning

At this early age, the child learns through their activities. Educating at this stage means inviting them to engage in activities through which they can learn something new and useful.

15 Principles of Educating a Baby

Provide them with opportunities to broaden their experiences

Provide as many opportunities as possible for them to acquire a wider range of experiences.

Stimulate and encourage activity

Always stimulate and encourage them to engage in the activity, but never force them. They won’t always be in the same mood or have the same desire, just like adults.

One of the principles of educating a baby is to give them freedom in their activities

Self-development activities take place mainly when the child enjoys the opportunity to indulge in them. It’s very important that we give them maximum freedom, always controlled by us.

Praise every achievement

Always reward new abilities that emerge as well as new forms of behavior with praise and affection.

Positive stimuli to guide their behavior

Encourage and guide the baby’s behavior with positive stimuli, although negative stimuli are also useful.

Intervening as little as possible in the education of a baby

We have to help the child in their learning, but we should avoid adult intervention as much as possible.

Facilitate the application of a learned skill under other conditions.

When the child’s already acquired a certain skill under certain conditions, we must provide them with all possible opportunities to apply it under different conditions.

Contact with their environment, another of the principles of infant education.

As much as possible, the child should remain in contact with the people around them. This will provide stimuli for their cognitive development.

Contact with familiar people

It’s important for a newborn baby to maintain constant active contact with a small group of familiar people, particularly the parents.

15 Principles of Educating a Baby

Create the environment to induce activities when we’re busy.

When it’s difficult for you to be with your child in stimulating activities, try to occupy them by creating an environment that includes enough stimuli to induce activity.

Happiness is important when it comes to educating a baby.

Try to provoke and maintain the little one’s good mood, thereby providing them with a happy and joyful childhood.

Every child is different and requires different activities for their development.

It’s very important to keep in mind that not all children are the same and they don’t all share the same characteristics. Parents should take these differences into account when raising a baby.

At birth, a baby doesn’t  know how to use their body. It’s in a state of inactivity. In order to learn to use it and to establish contact with the environment, they need to be gradually brought out of this state and be activated.

These principles in the education of a baby will surely help you to start activities and stimulate your child from the first days of life. These learnings will be the foundation and the previous experiences that they’ll need in the later stages of their development, defining also their future personality. Their achievements will be yours, too.

“Spectacular achievement is always preceded by spectacular preparation.”

– Robert H. Schuller –


This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.