How to Work on Word Intonation in Children
When we talk, we shouldn’t sound like robots – unless that’s our purpose, of course! Every word and every sentence has its own intonation, and some parts are emphasized more than others. However, when it comes to word intonation, speaking and reading are two very different areas.
That’s why we’re going to look at some keys to work on word intonation in children.
The basis of word intonation
You may not have noticed it until now, but even though there are people who speak with different accents, and even in different languages, we all follow certain intonation patterns.
These patterns can refer to the type of word or the type of phrase. Normally, we assimilate them unconsciously by imitation, but it’s very useful to know them in order to improve intonation.
Depending on the type of word
All words, no matter what syllables they have, have a tonic syllable that stands out from the others – it’s the syllable with most stress. If there’s only one syllable, then it’s obvious which one it is. However, if there’s more than one syllable, then words can be classified as acute (with the emphasis on the last syllable), flat (on the second to last) or proparoxytone (on the third to last).
Not all words have the same importance within a sentence. Words that give information, such as verbs, nouns, or adjectives, are pronounced more strongly than words that don’t give information, such as prepositions and conjunctions.
Depending on the type of sentence
This part is even simpler, as there are only three types:
- Statements (either affirmative or negative phrases)
Which phrases will be the most expressive? Here the exclamation and question marks will guide the intonation, as they express emotion, doubt, surprise, etc.
How to improve word intonation
Improving word intonation is part of the process of mastering speech, so the more you talk, the better. If your kids show any signs of embarrassment while reading, then help them overcome it. It’s time for them to have fun while practicing their intonation!
Singing to improve word intonation
For the little ones in the house this is obviously the most fun option of all. Not only will they improve their intonation, but they’ll also improve another very important aspect: pronunciation. Both aspects go hand in hand, as improving pronunciation usually results in improved intonation.
The best thing about using songs is that, because they’re catchy, children repeat them over and over again until they’re able to sing them well. This is because they really want to imitate the song well and sing it like the person who sings it. In addition to this, they’ll also learn new vocabulary and expressions, and develop their creative side.
Reading and intonation of words
We’re not talking about reading to oneself here, which also has great benefits, but of reading out loud. At first glance there may not seem to be too much difference in the benefits, but there is. When children read aloud, then they’re forced to look at the punctuation marks and manage their air intake well as they read and try to carry out the correct word intonation.
At first, we can distinguish two types of readers: those who read fairly slowly and emphasize intonation a lot, and those who read very quickly and tend to pass over certain words or confuse them easily. These words tend to be of a more linear intonation.
Little by little, as they read out loud, children can eradicate these errors from their reading. And, if they read to someone else, even better. That person will be able to help them and correct them when necessary.
Now comes the big question: how do you get a child interested enough in reading to improve these aspects? Well, it doesn’t have to be a very long reading, as long as it’s a topic that interests them. In this way, they’ll get involved in the reading activities themselves, because it’ll be something they’ll enjoy.
The intonation of words in drama
Doing drama work is taking reading aloud one step further. In drama or acting activities, children are taught to play a role and express themselves through the intonation of a text.
In addition to this, acting will also help children to express themselves through their own bodies and to convey feelings with the words, which isn’t always an easy task. This cognitive and emotional development makes children feel more confident when they communicate, interact with other children, and express their own ideas.It might interest you...